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Run time: 5min.

Molecular Dynamics Simulation
1) spherical shape
2) spherical shape
3) rod shape
strongly charged
weakly charged
The applied electric field points rightward
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counterions

coions

salt

Contents

Charge inversion is strong for trivalent
counterions (case 1), and is weak for a
monovalent case (case 2).
¡¡A rod-shaped macroion undergoes
the inversion when trivalent ions are
chained aroud the rod ion (case 3).


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